Česká republika   Krkonoše
      Šumava, Jizerské hory
  Jeseníky, Králický Sněžník
Slovensko   Malá Fatra
     Roháče, Vysoké Tatry
Německo  Bavorské Alpy
Švýcarsko   Bernské Alpy
                      Walliské Alpy
Itálie   Hochfeiler, Monte Vioz                 Ortler
       Slovinsko   Julské Alpy
Chorvatsko   Dinara
  Bulharsko   Rila
Řecko   Dírfi
Španělsko   Sierra Nevada
Maroko   Jebel Toubkal
Turecko   Ararat
Gruzie   Kazbek
Arménie   Aragats
Írán   Sabalan, Damávand
Nepál   Langtang Himal
Čína   Lamo She Shan
                  Si Gu Niang
Tanzánie   Kilimandžáro

Volcanes de México - route descriptions

from Piedra Grande Basecamp to summit of Pico de Orizaba

start point: Base Camp - Refugio Piedra Grande (4275m)
final point: Pico de Orizaba (5650m)
time required: 5hrs to 8hrs 30mins, descent then 3hrs to 4hrs
height meters to beat: 1410m
huts along the route: none
water sources along the route: none

i was here: November 2013

- crampons, ice axe, (helmet), good to have trekking poles
- obviously warm clothes, heavy mountain boots, might be good to take baclava, ski goggles
- if there are crappy snow conditions, then section Laberinto can be icy and you might need ice screws (plus associated gear of course)

- prior climb or even just overnight in base camp it's a must to make proper acclimatization
- route over Glaciar Jamapa is technically around PD to PD+
- extreme altitude
- Laberinto section between 4800m and 5000m can be technically more demanding under bad snow conditions
- snow/mixed slopes up to 45 degrees steep
- above 5050m technically easy, but long ascent over glacier
- steep rocky terrain

route description:
- whole ascent from BC to summit can be easily divided into 3 sections:
- 1/ up to 4750m steep rocky/scree terrain
- 2/ from 4800m to 5050m mixed terrain
- 3/ above 5050m glacier
- first around 100 height meters above Refugio Piedra Grande (BC) one walks on concrete path (Acuaducto)
- yet prior it's end you will turn to the right to standard mountain path
- follows a steep zig-zag climb over scree/stone slope and one gains height quickly

first part of the climb above BC

- terrain flattens above 4650m and in gentle climb one gets to 4750m, where the Laberinto section begings

at around 4750m prior beginning of Laberinto

- Laberinto is a steep gullies mixed section, which can be relatively easy or on the other hand issue an halt
- difficulty depends on snow conditions, where it can anything between dry rock over frozen snow to pure ice
- in the last mentioned case you might need few icescrews to secure the steep gullies
- slope is more gentle above 4950m and one gets to the beginning of Glaciar Jamapa at 5050m

Laberinto section (when i was here in the end of Nov 2013, i enjoyed top of the top snow conditions)

- above 5050m there is a vast snow/glacier slope covering the summit dome
- it looks shorter and less steep, than it actually is
- in principle, there are two paths via the glacier:
- 1/ direct thru right side of the glacier slope in front of you, at app. 5550m you reach crater rim and follow it to the summit
- 2/ same way the first maybe 100 or 150 height meters, abut then steer to the right and follow steep climb thru Orizaba's western slope to the summit
- i followed the second option and rather don't recommend - you walk longer in shadow and it's probably somewhat steeper than option 1

ascent over Glaciar de Jamapa - it's longer and steeper than it looks

- under nice weather you can enjoy views around large portion of Central Mexico including the Mexican Gulf

and a view from the summit on route from 5000m upwards